Features | Partner Sites | Information | LinkXpress
Sign In
Advantech Europe
VIEWORKS
Schiller

Timing Key When Introducing Gluten to Baby

By HospiMedica International staff writers
Posted on 31 Oct 2013
The risk of celiac disease (CD) is higher in children introduced to gluten after six months of age and in those breastfed longer than 12 months, according to a new study.

Researchers at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (FHI; Oslo, Norway) conducted a study to examine the optimal time window of gluten introduction with regard to the risk of CD in children. To do so, CD was identified in children participating the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, a prospective birth cohort including 107,000 children, using questionnaires and by linkage to the Norwegian Patient Register. Gluten introduction was reported monthly from 0–6 months of age, and breastfeeding from 0–18 months.

The researchers studied the 1,560 children identified with CD between 1994 and 2004, and followed them for a mean of 4.8 years; of these children, 51 had CD antigens. The analysis revealed that children who were exposed to gluten within the first 3 months of life were five-times more likely to have the antigens, compared with those introduced to gluten at 4-6 months. There was no significant impact on the development of CD in those who received gluten at 4 months of age or earlier, but children introduced to gluten at 7 months of age or beyond were 27% more likely to develop CD by age two. The study was published on October 7, 2013, in Pediatrics.

“We found a higher rate of celiac disease in infants who breastfed longer than 12 months compared with six months,” concluded lead author Ketil Stordal, MD, PhD, and colleagues. “The hypothesis of a protective effect of breastfeeding during gluten introduction could not be supported by our data, but the sample size in this part was too small to draw firm conclusions.”

CD is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine that occurs in genetically predisposed people of all ages from middle infancy onward. It is caused by a reaction to gliadin, a gluten protein found in wheat, and similar proteins found in the crops of Triticeae, which includes other common grains such as barley and rye. Symptoms include a pale, loose, and greasy stool (steatorrhoea), pain and discomfort in the digestive tract, chronic constipation and diarrhea, failure to thrive (in children), anemia, and fatigue.

Related Links:

Norwegian Institute of Public Health



Channels

Surgical Techniques

view channel

Restricting Transfusions After Cardiac Surgery Shows No Benefit

A new study concludes that there is no health advantage if doctors wait until a heart surgery patient becomes substantially anemic before receiving a transfusion. Researchers at the University of Leicester (United Kingdom), Bristol Royal Infirmary (BRI; United Kingdom), and other institutions conducted a multicenter,... Read more

Women's Health

view channel

Women Undergoing Heart Attack Delay Hospital Arrival

Women suffering a heart attack wait much longer than men to call emergency medical services and face significantly longer delays getting to a hospital, according to a new study. Researchers at the University of Bologna (Italy) examined records of 7,457 European patients enrolled from 2010 to 2014 in an international... Read more

Health IT

view channel
Image: ResolutionMD across multiple devices (Photo courtesy of Calgary Scientific).

Healthcare Communication Platform Offers Seamless Image Access

Novel diagnostic medical imaging software offers better access to health information, supports increased teamwork, and enhances communication among practitioners and patients. ResolutionMD enables doctors... Read more

Business

view channel
Image: An Air Evac Lifeteam Bell 206 Long Ranger helicopter (Photo courtesy Air Evac Lifeteam).

KKR Seals Deal to Buy Air Medical Group for USD 2 Billion

KKR (New York, NY, USA) have agreed to acquire Air Medical Group Holdings (AMGH; Lewisville, TX, USA), a leading provider of air ambulance services, in a deal valued at USD two billion, including debt.... Read more
 
Copyright © 2000-2015 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.