We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. This includes personalizing content and advertising. To learn more, click here. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies. Cookie Policy.

Features Partner Sites Information LinkXpress
Sign In
Advertise with Us

Download Mobile App

Brain Implant Successfully Controls Both Seizures and OCD

By HospiMedica International staff writers
Posted on 27 Oct 2023
Print article
Image: For the first time, one electrode targets two portions of brain for dual benefit (Photo courtesy of OHSU)
Image: For the first time, one electrode targets two portions of brain for dual benefit (Photo courtesy of OHSU)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic mental health condition affecting roughly 2.2 million adults from all walks of life. People with OCD experience ongoing, troubling thoughts (known as obsessions) and may find short-term relief by performing specific, ritualistic actions (called compulsions). These symptoms often interfere with daily living. About one-third of individuals with OCD don't respond well to conventional treatments. However, there is promising initial evidence that neural activity can be captured from ventral striatal regions associated with OCD to guide such a closed-loop approach. Now, for the first time, a patient has been shown to benefit from a single stimulator implanted in the brain to effectively control two life-altering conditions: seizures caused by epilepsy and compulsive behavior caused by obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD. Following the brain implant, the seizures are under better control, but the relief from the psychiatric condition is profound.

The patient had initially undergone a standard surgical procedure at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU, Portland, OR, USA) in 2018. This operation involved removing a small part of the brain where the seizures originated. While the surgery reduced some seizures, it did not eliminate them entirely. As a result, the patient opted for an implanted responsive neurostimulation system (RNS). This innovative implant continually observes brain activity and sends out small electrical pulses designed to prevent seizures before they start. Interestingly, some users of this implant have reported improvement in mental health conditions, including OCD.

To treat both conditions in the patient, the physicians made sure to position the implant's 32-millimeter electrode in such a way that it covered the nucleus accumbens, a brain region linked to motivation and action, including compulsive urges. This dual targeting proved effective. Within months of receiving the brain implant, the patient reported significant relief from OCD symptoms. Four years down the line, the improvement has been life-altering. The RNS implant's programming now functions seamlessly to manage the compulsive behaviors that had once dominated the patient's daily life.

Related Links:

Platinum Supplier
STI Test
Vivalytic Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Array
Specimen Collection & Transport
Medical Monitor
Gold Supplier
POC Blood Gas Analyzer
Stat Profile Prime Plus

Print article


Critical Care

view channel
Image: The BASHIR Endovascular Catheter was recently approved by the U.S. FDA (Photo courtesy of THROMBOLEX)

Novel Endovascular Catheter Opens Blocked Arteries Deep Within Lungs

The occlusion of small lung arteries is the main cause of the reduction in blood flow in patients with acute pulmonary embolism. The more occlusions that a patient has, the lower the chances of survival.... Read more

Patient Care

view channel
Image: The newly-launched solution can transform operating room scheduling and boost utilization rates (Photo courtesy of Fujitsu)

Surgical Capacity Optimization Solution Helps Hospitals Boost OR Utilization

An innovative solution has the capability to transform surgical capacity utilization by targeting the root cause of surgical block time inefficiencies. Fujitsu Limited’s (Tokyo, Japan) Surgical Capacity... Read more

Health IT

view channel
Image: First ever institution-specific model provides significant performance advantage over current population-derived models (Photo courtesy of Mount Sinai)

Machine Learning Model Improves Mortality Risk Prediction for Cardiac Surgery Patients

Machine learning algorithms have been deployed to create predictive models in various medical fields, with some demonstrating improved outcomes compared to their standard-of-care counterparts.... Read more

Point of Care

view channel
Image: The new eye-safe laser technology can diagnose traumatic brain injury (Photo courtesy of 123RF)

Novel Diagnostic Hand-Held Device Detects Known Biomarkers for Traumatic Brain Injury

The growing need for prompt and efficient diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI), a major cause of mortality globally, has spurred the development of innovative diagnostic technologies.... Read more
Copyright © 2000-2023 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.