We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. This includes personalizing content and advertising. To learn more, click here. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies. Cookie Policy.

Features Partner Sites Information LinkXpress
Sign In
Advertise with Us

Download Mobile App


ATTENTION: Due to the COVID-19 PANDEMIC, many events are being rescheduled for a later date, converted into virtual venues, or altogether cancelled. Please check with the event organizer or website prior to planning for any forthcoming event.
09 Dec 2022 - 11 Dec 2022

Hospital Antibiotic Policies Improve Prescription Practices

By HospiMedica International staff writers
Posted on 21 Feb 2017
Print article
An updated review of studies identifies effective guidelines and policies to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics in hospitals.

Researchers at the University of Dundee, University College London, and other institutions searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase for studies examining the effectiveness and safety of interventions designed to improve antibiotic prescribing to hospital inpatients, and to investigate the effect of different intervention functions. In all, the researchers found 221 studies from the United States, Europe, Asia, South America, and Australia.

The researchers found that interventions broadly fell into two categories; 'restrictive' techniques applied rules to make physicians prescribe properly, whilst 'enabling' techniques provided advice or feedback to help physicians make more informed prescribing decisions. In both cases, the aim of the intervention was to increase the number of appropriate prescribing decisions so that patients who were unlikely to benefit from antibiotics did not get them, whilst they were still used for patients who stood to benefit from them.

The results showed that interventions that included enabling or restrictive techniques were consistently more effective than interventions that relied on simple education alone. Moreover, a synergistic effect existed, with enabling techniques increasing the effectiveness of restrictive techniques. In addition, the interventions shortened duration of antibiotic use from 11 to 9 days per patient, and reduced hospital stay from an average of 13 days to 12 per patient. The review was published on February 9, 2017, in The Cochrane Library.

“We do not need more studies to answer the question of whether these interventions reduce unnecessary antibiotic use, but we do need more research to understand why the most effective behavior change techniques are not more widely adopted within hospital settings,” concluded lead author Peter Davey, PhD, of the UD department of population health sciences. “Appropriate antibiotic use in hospitals should ensure effective treatment of patients with infection, and reduce unnecessary prescriptions.”

For the study, the researchers defined restriction as using rules to reduce the opportunity to engage in the target behavior, or increase the target behavior by reducing the opportunity to engage in competing behaviors. Enablement was defined as increasing the means and reducing the barriers in order to increase capability or opportunity.

BMP Whole Blood Analyzer: GEM Premier ChemSTAT
Gold Supplier
Automated, Random Access Chemistry Analyzer
LIDA 300
Blood Transfusion Safety Test
ABTest Card
STI Detection Test
NeoPlex STI-7 Detection Kit

Print article



view channel
Image: AI transforms smartwatch ECG signals into a diagnostic tool for heart failure (Photo courtesy of Pexels)

AI-Based Smartwatch Accurately Detects Heart Failure Using ECG Signals

People with a weak heart pump might not have symptoms, but this common form of heart disease affects about 2% of the population and 9% of people over 60. When the heart cannot pump enough oxygen-rich blood,... Read more

Critical Care

view channel
Image: Quantra Hemostasis Analyzer (Photo courtesy of HemoSonics)

Next-Gen POC Whole Blood Hemostasis System Recognizes Specific Needs of EDs and ORs

Current hemostatic tests provide only a subset of needed information, or take too long to be useful in critical bleeding situations, forcing clinicians to use iterative transfusion protocols that do not... Read more

Surgical Techniques

view channel
Image: CystoSmart image enhancement and AI diagnostic tool will enhance cancer detection (Photo courtesy of Claritas HealthTech)

AI Diagnostic Tool Improves Cancer Detection in Cystoscope Images of Bladder

Bladder cancer is the 10th commonest cancer worldwide and the 6th commonest cancer amongst men. It is known to have high recurrence rates and significant risks of disease progression. Early detection of... Read more

Patient Care

view channel
Image: Automated cleaning system allows endoscopes to be cleaned direct from clinic (Photo courtesy of Aston University)

World’s First Automated Endoscope Cleaner Fights Antimicrobial Resistance

Endoscopes are long, thin tubes with a light and camera at one end. Due to the sensitivity of the materials and electronics they cannot be sterilized in an autoclave (a machine that uses steam under pressure),... Read more

Health IT

view channel
Image: Using digital data can improve health outcomes (Photo courtesy of Unsplash)

Electronic Health Records May Be Key to Improving Patient Care, Study Finds

When a patient gets transferred from a hospital to a nearby specialist or rehabilitation facility, it is often difficult for personnel at the new facility to access the patient’s electronic health records... Read more


view channel
Image: The global multiparameter patient monitoring systems market is expected to surpass USD 15 billion by 2028 (Photo courtesy of Unsplash)

Global Multiparameter Patient Monitoring Systems Market Driven by Rising Chronic Illnesses

Multi-parameter patient monitoring equipment is used to assess the vital signs of patients who are suffering from a serious illness. These devices are meant to give the number of data sets on one screen... Read more
Copyright © 2000-2022 Globetech Media. All rights reserved.